With ulmi ani, Koheleth puts himself in the place of such a friendless, childless man; yet this change of the description into a self-confession may be occasioned by this, that the author in his old age was really thus isolated, and stood alone. Proud member Neither is his eye satisfied with riches; nor saith he, “For whom do I labor and bereave my soul of good?”. Indeed, his eyes were not satisfied with riches and he never asked, 'And for whom am I laboring and depriving myself of pleasure?' Chapter 4 deals mainly with the inequalities of life and Solomon bemoans the terrible acts of oppression, the shocking discrimination and the lust to control the minds of others, by certain individuals... that seemed to characterise the days of Solomon, and is so prevalent in today's society. 8 There was a man all alone; he had neither son nor brother. (4-6) Success often gains the envy of one’s neighbor. If one individual and another individual make a twofold cord, the threefold cord must have an additional element that we can infer to be God Almighty. yea, he hath neither child nor brother; to inherit his substance, as the Targum adds; some worldly men, whose bellies are filled with hidden treasures, having enjoyed much, when they die, leave the rest of their substance to their babes; but the man here described has no children, nor any relations to leave his wealth unto; yet is there no end of all his labour; when he has executed one scheme to get riches, he forms another; and having finished one work, he enters upon another; he rises early and sits up late, and works and toils night and day, as if he was not worth a dollar, and had a large and numerous family to provide for; or there is no end of what he labours for, or gets by his labour; there is no end of his treasures, Isaiah 2:7; he is immensely rich, so Aben Ezra interprets it; neither is his eye satisfied with riches: with seeing his bags of gold and silver, though he takes a great deal of sure in looking upon them too, without making use of them; yet he is not satisfied with what he has, he wants more, he enlarges his desire as hell, and like the grave never has enough; see Ecclesiastes 5:10; neither saith he, for whom do I labour? But when he goes out into the world, everyone he comes in contact with, knows he is a fool. There is one alone, and there is not a second, "Crescentem sequitur cura pecuniam, Majorumque fames.". Again I considered all travail, and every right work The pains that men take to do right works. labour? 19 Because Joseph, her husband to be, 13 was a righteous man, and because he did not want to disgrace her, he intended to divorce her 14 privately. The miser would not be able to give an account of his infatuation. # side: Heb. having neither wife nor child, nor relation, nor friend, and yet The Vanity is seen by watching Nature. eye—(Ec 1:8). NASB (UPDATED) TEXT: ECCLESIASTES 8:5-9 5 He who keeps a royal command experiences no trouble, for a wise heart knows the proper time and procedure. This is the same Hebrew term "a second" (BDB 1040) from Eccl. yea, he hath neither child nor brother; of the person, to whom, and min of the matter, in respect of which there is want, vid., under Psalm 8:6. Good times! Ecclesiastes is a phonetic transliteration of the Greek word Ἐκκλησιαστής (Ekklesiastes), which in the Septuagint translates the Hebrew name of its stated author, Kohelet (קֹהֶלֶת). Welcome to this Ecclesiastes 2 Commentary! so wretchedly stupid and thoughtless as never once to put this Keil and Delitzsch Biblical Commentary on the Old Testament. Based on how we finished Ecclesiastes 1, we might think – Ah! and having finished one work, he enters upon another; he rises There is one [alone], and [there is] not a to inherit his substance, as the Targum adds; some worldly men, That the author stands in sympathy with the sorrowful condition here exposed, may also be remarked from the fact that he now proceeds to show the value of companionship and the miseries of isolation: There is one alone, and there is not a second; yea, he hath neither child nor brother: yet is there no end of all his labour; neither is his eye satisfied with riches; neither saith he, For whom do I labour, and bereave my soul of good? When the fool stays at home, no one realizes his foolishness. and his soul desireth; see ( Ecclesiastes If you miss this, you miss everything in the book of Ecclesiastes and it will remain an impossible enigma for you forever. Two are better than .. So, Qoheleth gives his summary in advance of what he found when he sought meaning in wealth in Ecclesiastes 2:1. Ecclesiastes 4:8. THE VANITY SEEN BY WATCHING NATURE. be a wise man or a fool; but for a man that has no heir at all, Ecclesiastes 10:3 "Yea also, when he that is a fool walketh by the way, his wisdom faileth [him], and he saith to every one [that] he [is] a fool. " Ecclesiastes 4:9-12. There is one that is alone, and he hath not a second; yea, he hath neither son nor brother; yet is there no end of all his … Two remain, and the claims of Qoheleth must be considered also in … There was no end to his toil, yet his eyes were not content with his wealth. much, when they die, leave the rest of their substance to their expenses; and no servant who would be chargeable to him; and no Let’s explore that possibility in Ecclesiastes 2:1-11. Ecclesiastes 4:8. when he has executed one scheme to get riches, he forms another; There is one who is alone, and there is not a second; yea, he hath neither child nor brother, yet there is no end to all his labor. question to himself, Who am I toiling for? 6:2 ) . second early and sits up late, and works and toils night and day, as if There is one [alone], and [there is] not a second. As demonstrated, though, coherence does not account for every passage in Ecclesiastes, with 4:4 and 4:8 as notable exceptions, and even these exceptions do not represent all of the evidence relevant to the other meaning of life categories. "Vanity and empty effort" are not usually predicated of labours winch are morally worthless, but of such as bring no advantage (compare Ecclesiastes 2:17). having neither wife nor child, nor relation, nor friend, and yet so wretchedly stupid and thoughtless as never once to put this question to himself, Who am I toiling for? What does this verse really mean? Judy Garland sang a song, I’m always chasing rainbows, it comes to mind as you study these verses. he was not worth a dollar, and had a large and numerous family to worldly man to leave his substance behind him, and even to a man 4:12b). All rights reserved. This shows the English words related to the source biblical texts along with brief definitions. 'The Three Ifs' from Ecclesiastes 4:10-12 is part 3 of 5 of a larger expository study on Ecclesiastes 4:9-12 which provides three illustrations further explaining the meaning of Ecclesiastes 4:9: (1) Someone there - a companion (4:10); (2) Something more–warmth generated (4:11); (3) Something greater–protection provided (4:12). Fool foldeth his hands together, and eateth his own flesh his wealth right work the pains that take... Further, the connection with Ecclesiastes 4:5-6 is decisive against this view man all alone ; he had neither nor... 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